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National Museum
 
​​​​​​​​It is a cultural landmark that highlights Saudi history and reflects the cultural and historical aspects of Saudi people. The museum is divided into 8 halls which display the natural, human, cultural, political and religious development of the Arabian Peninsula and the Saudi State. It contains 3700 antiquities, 45 models, 900 figurative means, and 45 films. ​

The National Museum is a cultural landmark that highlights Saudi history and reflects the cultural and historical aspects of Saudi people through the various antiquities it displays, alongside its effective role in promoting tourism. The museum is located in the eastern side of King Abdul-Aziz Historical Center, in Al Murraba District, Riyadh, on an area of 17,000 m2.​​​​​​​​​​

 Museum Components:

The 8 halls are divided according to topic to represent the natural, human, cultural, political and religious development of the Arabian Peninsula based on the museographic scenario, and the three stages of the Saudi State development. The total number of exhibits is 3700 antiquities; 900 means; 45 films and sound effects; and 45 models​

 Man and Universe Hall


It describes the nature of planets and their composition; continents movement; origin of minerals; animal species; and some petrified trees. The hall also contains a collection of ancient pottery and a rock that has handprints with symbolic significance. ​

 Arabian Kingdoms Hall


​The first thing that the visitor notices is a full-scale model of Taima Wall, built with stones from the original wall. There is also a collection of rock panels. The hall displays some tools and belongings from the caravan city Al Fao, in addition to many movable and immovable antiquities. ​

 Pre-Islamic Period Hall


It includes exhibits that display the history of Arabian tribes before Islam. There are also other exhibits that show the emergence of Arabic calligraphy. The hall contains models of Arabic poetry markets in the Pre-Islamic period, the most famous of which were: Okaz Market in Taif; Thu Al Majaza Market near Mecca; Dumat Al Jandal; Najran; Habasha; and Al Mushaqqar in Hajar.​

 The Prophetic Mission Hall


It is the fourth hall in the National Museum, with an area of 350 m2. It displays the period from the dawn of Islam to the early phases of its spread. It displays the life of the Prophet (SAW), the revelation, the Prophet's biography, the migration, the battles, the Holy Quran, and a manuscript from Quran. ​

 Islam and Arabian Peninsula Hall


This hall is dedicated to the Early Islamic Era that begins with the Prophet's migration to Medina and ends with the beginning of the Umayyad Period. It includes exhibits from the Umayyad and Abbasid Periods; exhibits for some industries that Muslims excelled in; and information about the most important Islamic sites in the Kingdom.​

 The First and Second Saudi States


This hall is dedicated to the history of the First Saudi State since it was founded by Imam Mohamed bin Saud; and the development of Diriyah, the capital of the First Saudi State, and the social life. Then the Second Saudi State that was founded by Imam Turki bin Abdullah, who chose Riyadh to be the capital. Finally, it displays the end of the Second Saudi State with the departure of Imam Abdul Rahman bin Faisal from Riyadh in 1309 AH/1891 CE. ​

 Saudi Unification Hall


It displays the emergence of the Third Saudi State by the hands of the late King Abdul-Aziz bin Abdul Rahman in 1319 AH/1902 CE. It contains a collection of various exhibits that belong to the Third Saudi State, in addition to a hall for displaying documentaries about King Abdul-Aziz and his achievements. ​

 Hajj and the Two Holy Mosques Hall


It displays Hajj, its rituals, and the related antiquities; the role of the successive Islamic States in keeping it; the historical Hajj routes; the development of Mecca and Medina; and the role of the Saudi State in serving pilgrims and rituals. It includes a part of the Kaaba cladding hanging on the wall.
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