The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is largely known for its desert environment. Although desert represents bulk of the vast area, its geographic terrain is rich in diversity. There are mountains, plains and plateaus, and long coastline along the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf. There are oases dotting the desert, gushing springs in the mountains, coral islands around its seas. Sprawling countryside with date orchards border Kingdom’s cities and towns. Such a diversity in due time, has generated a growing interest in tourism in Saudi Arabia, both in the people from outside the Kingdom and the local residents, who frequent these locations to enjoy the rich diversity.
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has an area of about 2,149,690 (≈ 2.15 million) square kilometers. Its population in 2011 had reached 28,376,355. Occupying 80% of the Arabian Peninsula it lies between latitude 16° and 33° North, and longitude 34° and 56° East. The Administrative Organization
Administratively, the Kingdom is divided y into 13 regions: Riyadh Region, Makkah Region, Madinah Region, Eastern Region, Asir Region, Baha Region, The Northern Border Region, Al Jouf Region, Qassim Region, Hail Region, Jazan Region, Najran Region and Tabuk Region.